Roof Shingles: Everything You Need to Know Before You Buy
There are many different types of roof shingles on the market, including asphalt, composite, cedar, clay, slate, and metal. Consult a professional roofer for advice on which type is best for your specific needs.
If you’re considering investing in new roof shingles for a Boise home, it’s important to educate yourself on the various types and how to select the right shingles for your home. After all, your roof is the most important part of protecting your home and the contents inside. To make things easier, this blog post will provide the comprehensive guide needed to become an expert on roof shingles. From understanding the different types to knowing what warranties and certifications you should look out for, this post will have you roof-ready in no time.
Types of Roof Shingles
When it comes to roof shingles, there are several different types available. This article will discuss the various types of roofing materials, including their pros and cons, and how their installation, cost, durability, and energy efficiency considerations should be taken into account before making a purchase decision.
First, let’s take a look at standard asphalt shingles. These are perhaps the most common type of roofing material due to their affordability and wide availability. Asphalt shingles come in a variety of colors and styles, from three-tab designs to traditional architectural designs. While standard asphalt shingles are among the least expensive options for roofing materials, they do not have the same lifespan as other more durable materials like metal or slate. In addition, asphalt requires regular maintenance and repair work to ensure proper functioning which can add additional costs over time.
Alternatively, metal roof panels are becoming increasingly popular due to their high performance and long-term durability. Generally made of galvanized steel or aluminum alloy sheets, metal is rust-resistant and can last up to 50 years with proper maintenance. The sleek finish is attractive from both an aesthetic point of view as well as its ability to reflect thermal radiation from the sun keeping your home cooler during warmer months. That said, the cost of metal panel systems is generally much higher than asphalt shingle roofs when materials alone are considered.
Slate is also an option for roof shingles but is often only used for historic buildings due to its exceptionally long lifespan which makes it particularly expensive when compared to asphalt or metal options. One of the advantages of slate is that it often lasts longer than other materials without needing replacement due to its waterproof quality and relatively low maintenance requirements. However, it can be prone to fracturing so installing specialists need to take extra precautions when determining where cutouts need to be made while laid down deliberately placed stones can help prevent this in some cases.
Finally, we have wood shake roofs which are crafted from redwood or cedar lumber split by manual tools or machines and then installed on residential homes. Aesthetically appealing, wood shakes are great insulators that provide excellent levels of energy efficiency as well as being fire resistant if treated properly. That said, wood shingles require regular inspections for signs of decay due to moss or fungus growth which can cause significant damage if left unchecked leading to increased costs for repairs or replacements if warranted over the life of the material.
In summary, there are several types of roof shingle materials available each with its own unique advantages and disadvantages dependent on factors such as cost, lifespan and energy efficiency considerations that homeowners must consider before purchasing any one material over another.
Asphalt shingles are the most popular roofing material on the market and are used on more than 40 million homes across the United States. They’re affordable, durable, and easy to install which helps explain why they remain a favorite for homeowners. Asphalt roof shingles come in two different types – organic-mat based and fiberglass-mat based – both providing an attractive, reliable choice for residential roof coverings.
Organic-mat asphalt shingles contain an organic felt mat that is coated with asphalt and a mineral coating. This design allows them to mold to the shape of the roof. In addition, they’re lighter weight than fiberglass shingles and often come with warranties of 20 or 25 years. However, organic-based shingles have been known to curl up at their edges, making them susceptible to wind uplift and blow-off.
Conversely, fiberglass-mat asphalt shingles provide superior performance against strong winds because of their durability and strength. This type of design resists curling, cracking, chipping and splitting more effectively than its organic counterpart. Additionally, its fire resistance makes it a desirable choice for many homeowners since its fiberglass base won’t ignite from flames from wildfires or even nearby lightning strikes. Typically this type of material comes with longer warranties that can range from 30 – 50 years.
When it comes to price, organic-based shingles tend to be cheaper than fiberglass – mat based shingles but there is a trade off with these lower cost materials as they require more maintenance over time such as frequent sealant application and replacement of curled shingles due to wind uplift damage.
When selecting asphalt shingles for your project, consider all factors involved including price, durability needs, and potential risks associated with the material before purchase. Now let’s move on to looking at pavement shingles which offer an additional layer of protection against water damage and other potential problems.
- 1 Roof Shingles: Everything You Need to Know Before You Buy
- 1.1 Types of Roof Shingles
- 1.2 Roof Shingle Cost
- 1.3 Roof Shingle Installation
- 1.4 Roof Shingle Maintenance
- 1.5 Roof Shingle Protection and Longevity
- 1.6 Different Styles and Designs of Roof Shingles
- 1.7 Roofing Flashing on Shingles
- 1.8 Pros and Cons of Roof Shingles
The main advantage of pavement shingles is that they’re inexpensive. Because they’re usually made from recycled asphalt and rubber, pavement shingles cost less than other types of roofing materials. Additionally, they’re easy to install and don’t need to be professionally done. Pavement shingles also don’t require much maintenance once they’ve been installed — a simple power wash every year should suffice. They have a long lifespan; with proper care and maintenance, your pavement shingles can last anywhere from 30 to 50 years.
Despite the advantages of pavement shingles, there are some drawbacks to consider. For one, they may not blend as well into certain environments as other shingle styles — their unique shape can look out of place on homes built before the 1970s with more traditional roof designs. Secondly, some homeowners worry about the environmental impact of asphalt due to its production process — it involves burning large amounts of fossil fuels such as propane or natural gas. In addition, pavement shingles will require more frequent upkeep compared to some other roof materials. Overall, however, most home improvement experts agree that if you’re looking for an affordable and resilient option for a low-sloped roof, then pavement shingles are certainly worth considering.
After making the decision regarding which type of shingle you’d like to use for your roof project, the next step is to consider what it will cost you. In the following section, we’ll examine the costs associated with installing various types of roof shingles so you can make an informed decision when it comes time to shop around for new materials.
Roof Shingle Cost
The cost of roof shingles is often the deciding factor in a homeowner’s choice of material for their new roof. While cost should not be the only consideration, it is undoubtedly an important one. However, it is important to understand that ‘the cheapest’ may not necessarily be the best option in order to get the highest return on your investment.
When estimating a roofing project, most contractors will use a price per square foot or square (100 sq feet) of coverage. Different materials and thicknesses can affect the cost per square footage and so there are various costs to consider depending on your desired specifications and needs. Asphalt shingles generally range from $75-$400 per square, compared to metal which can range from $700-$1500 per square. It’s important to remember that metal roofs can last 40-50 years or more while asphalt only lasts 15-30 years so it is wise to factor this into your financial calculation when considering the long term.
Though asphalt shingles are known for being one of the cheaper options, certain luxury brands can have an even higher price point than metal roofs do. It’s always advisable to compare prices for different brands and request multiple estimates before committing to any particular type of shingle.
It is also worth doing research into local labor costs prior to making your final decision as installation costs will vary between regions across the country and the world. To get an accurate estimate for materials and installation, talk with multiple local contractors who have experience with installing your preferred type of material.
Ultimately, homeowners should weigh up their budget vs expectations when making their decision regarding which type of roofing material they should choose – ultimately finding the right balance between cost, quality, longevity, and aesthetics will result in getting the most return on investment.
Finally, no matter what option you decide upon, it’s essential that you do your due diligence in terms of research and comparing various quotes in order to make an informed decision before purchasing roof shingles.
Roof Shingle Installation
Roof shingle installation is an important decision to consider when beginning any roof replacement job. It’s important to ensure that the professionals you choose are qualified and experienced in installing roof shingles properly. There are two different types of installation methods often used–stick-nail and adhesive–each with pros and cons.
Stick-nail method is a process where a nail gun is used to adhere the roof shingles directly to the roof decking boards. Pros to this approach include no additional cost for adhesives and it can usually be completed faster as nails secure the tabs more quickly than adhesive. Additionally, removing or replacing individual shingles is much easier if any part of the roof needs repairs later on. Cons can include lines or ridges from nail imprints being visible after the shingle product has been installed and potentially greater nail penetration into the roof decking boards – leading to potential water infiltration issues in extreme weather conditions if not properly addressed by the installer.
The adhesive method is a process where special roofing adhesive is applied directly onto the roof decking board and then the tab portion of each shingle is laid into the adhesive before securing it with nails. Pros of this install method may include a smoother-looking appearance once installed on the roof — as no lines caused by nail imprints are seen. This install method can also create a stronger bond supporting longer lasting results. Cons can include more costly labor costs due to the extra time required to apply adhesive (which adds to both cost and labor) vs just stick-nailing each tab without applying adhesive as well as specialized equipment being needed for large jobs which may need rental equipment for smaller contractors who don’t already possess them already.
No matter which installation method you choose, there’s always importance placed on proper installation techniques, quality materials & tools, good ventilation, etc… So, it’s essential that you become informed about your options prior to beginning any project or hiring anyone for help. With this information, you’re now ready to move on and learn about The Installation Process.
The Installation Process
When coming to roofing shingles, the installation process is important and is one that should never be taken lightly. It’s essential to hire a professional with experience in roofing construction and shingle installation. An amateur mistake in the installation can have dire consequences down the line. If done correctly, however, you’ll likely enjoy a long lasting beautiful roof.
The importance of having professional work on your roof cannot be overstated – from obtaining building permits to adhering to safety guidelines, there are numerous reasons why attempting to install shingles yourself without prior experience is not advised. Additionally, this option would more than likely lack any sort of assurance that comes with using a certified contractor. It’s best to stick with hiring an experienced contractor who will ensure that the job is done properly and efficiently.
On the other hand, if you are willing to pay for the cost upfront and don’t mind committing more time and effort to have it done correctly, you could technically take on installing shingles as a do-it-yourself project. Remember though that this comes with risks, including being unaware of current building codes and not owning any special equipment or tools necessary for some jobs. Furthermore, doing so yourself significantly increases the risk of injury – it’s always better safe than sorry when it comes to matters like these.
Regardless of whichever route you decide to go down, following through on a meticulous installation plan is key and will guarantee your roof lasts as long as possible while protecting your home from the harsh weather elements. Moving forward, proper maintenance care will help prolong the longevity of your roof but it all starts with a quality installation plan tailored to fit your own specific needs. The next section covers “Roof Shingle Maintenance” – how regular scheduling and inspections can prevent future damage from occurring and keep your roof looking great for years to come.
Roof Shingle Maintenance
Maintaining roof shingles in your home is an important step in extending their protection and longevity. Regularly cleaning, replacing and checking the condition of your shingles can help avoid costly repairs down the road. On the other hand, some homeowners may feel that too much repair, maintenance, and replacement can be too costly or burdensome.
For starters, it’s a good idea to keep an eye out for any loose nails or damaged shingles during a visual inspection. The National Roofing Contractor Association recommends inspecting your roof at least twice a year in order to identify any potential problems. Likewise, your gutters should be cleaned regularly to ensure proper drainage. If debris builds-up over time, it can cause water to pool on parts of your roof, leading to mold or rot. In addition to properly functioning gutters and downspouts, you also want to make sure your flashing remains in good condition. Flashing involves strips of metal installed around vents, chimneys and skylights as an additional layer of protection against water penetration.
Replacing missing or damaged shingles is another essential part of maintaining your roof shingle system. Be sure to replace with the same type of material originally used; otherwise, the new materials won’t age at the same rate as the existing shingles which could lead to color discrepancies over time. As with inspections, experienced professionals can provide invaluable advice when it comes to fixing or replacing parts of your roof.
The opinion is split as far as how often you should clean your roof with a pressure washer depending on its type and material used. Some manufacturers may require more frequent cleaning than others so it always helps to check what’s recommended by the maker before proceeding with any cleaning duties. Ultraviolet light from the sun can cause oxidation on asphalt shingles which may require additional cleaning beyond regular seasons or during dry and hot spells when mold and moss are not an issue. On the contrary, applying too much pressure might actually damage the surface of asphalt shingles leading them to premature deterioration even if mild detergents are used for the job.
Roof Shingle Protection and Longevity
When choosing roof shingles, protective and long-term performance should be a major part of the purchasing consideration.
Modern asphalt shingles come with fiberglass core strength that gives them extra protection against physical damage caused by wind, rain, ice buildup, or other hazards. Improved reflective technology is also built into certain products offering a superior level of heat resistance to reduce temperatures inside the home during hot days.
Certain products provide added protection from algae growth to maintain a long-lasting and attractive look. Algae can cause staining and discoloration of your roof, which is why manufacturers have developed shingles to retard algae growth upon application. This type of extended warranty helps you protect your investment over time.
However, no matter how protective the shingle material may be, longevity will still depend on a variety of factors including climate and weather conditions, installation techniques, and maintenance levels. Environmentally friendly shingles made with rubberized slate granules are touted as an eco-friendly choice with longevity up to 40 years – but in reality, they will only last around 10-15 years without proper maintenance. Low quality materials used in conjunction with poor installation techniques can lead to premature degradation and costly replacement. Likewise, no roof shingle has indefinite longevity due to natural wear and tear over time regardless of how well it is maintained; some may need to replace every 10-20 years if not sooner, depending on the length/level of warranty coverage at the initial purchase If a homeowner is unsure, they can always consult with an expert who can help guide their decision making process.
The next section focuses on different styles and designs of roof shingles available in the market today which vary in colors, textures, and sizes to help homeowners find something that suits their home while still providing adequate protection and longevity so they maximize their investment.
Different Styles and Designs of Roof Shingles
When considering roof shingles, it is important to understand the various styles and designs available. Many types of asphalt-based shingles are available on the market, including both laminated or dimensional for a three-dimensional look. Laminated shingles usually have a double layer, with a slightly longer piece making the bottom layer and a shorter one for the top layer. Dimensional style shingles provide more texture and depth, which can add an attractive dimension to any roof. Different types may also be available in different thicknesses, textures, and levels of durability.
Arguments exist on both sides of whether to go with a more traditional looking laminated option or opt for the new aspect of dimensional-style shingles. The laminated type may appear smoother in its look but can still provide adequate weather protection when properly installed. Dimension-style shingles, on the other hand, tend to offer a more modern look and often last longer than their counterparts since they involve two layers of material instead of one. This offers greater protection from exposure to harsh elements such as high winds or hail.
No matter which style you choose, it is always advised to work with an experienced roofer who will inspect the roof and ensure that you are selecting materials that are best suited for your climate and area. With the right product and installation technique, either type of roof shingle can protect your home for many years to come.
Now that you know more about the different styles and designs of roof shingles, let’s take a closer look at another important factor: Roofing flashing on shingles.
Roofing Flashing on Shingles
Roofing flashing is an important feature when it comes to roof shingles. Flashing plays a key role in protecting your home from water damage caused by leaks in the roof structure. Installing the correct flashing on your roof helps ensure proper drainage and keeps water away from vulnerable areas of the shingles and other structures such as walls and windows. However, it is also important to understand that improper installation can lead to potential issues down the road.
There are many different types of flashing available, including galvanized aluminum, plastic, copper, and stainless steel. Each has its own advantages and disadvantages, so it is important to research which type will best suit your needs before making a purchase. For example, galvanized aluminum is less expensive but may not last as long; plastic is durable and easy to install but may not be able to withstand extreme weather conditions; copper is more expensive but lasts longer; and stainless steel is highly resistant to corrosion but can be difficult to install.
When it comes to installing flashing around the edges of your roof shingles, it should be done accurately and carefully. Flashing should be sealed tightly around vents and chimneys as well as any exposed joints on the roof’s surface. If these areas are not properly sealed, water can seep into the domestic spaces below causing costly damages. When installing flashing correctly, you must make sure that it fits seamlessly into the surrounding area – otherwise, gaps can form which could leave your roof susceptible to damage from moisture or the elements.
Ultimately, if done correctly, flashing can help protect your roof from water damage for years to come. But if you don’t know what you’re doing or try to save money by using cheaper materials, you might end up with costly repairs later on down the line.
Pros and Cons of Roof Shingles
Pros of Roof Shingles
One of the biggest advantages of roof shingles is their versatility. They can be used for a variety of different roofing projects, from basic residential roofs to more elaborate commercial structures. This versatility allows for a range of aesthetic options and can be a big selling point when it comes to building and remodeling projects.
Another pro is that roof shingles are fairly durable and require minimal maintenance. Depending on the type, they can last between 20-50 years before needing to be replaced. Some types of shingles also come with built-in fire and algae resistance, making them an even better choice for long-term applications. On top of this, they’re fairly easy to install and don’t require any specialty tools—just basic supplies like circular saws, hammers, nails, and sealant.
Cons of Roof Shingles
The main con associated with roof shingles is their cost: they can be relatively expensive compared to other types of materials. Furthermore, installation costs will vary depending on whether you’re DIY-ing it or hiring professional help. If choosing to hire a contractor, additional materials may need to be purchased as well (e.g., flashing).
Another disadvantage is that not all types of shingles work in every climate. If you live in an area with extreme temperatures (especially hot temperatures), certain types may not hold up well over time due to warping or fading. It’s important to research which type is best for your climate before making your purchase decision so you can avoid costly issues down the road. Finally, like most roofing materials, shingles aren’t 100% water-resistant so water can still seep into your home if not properly sealed or installed with overlapping techniques.
Essential Points For Homeowners
Roof shingles have several advantages such as being versatile, durable, and easy to install. They are however quite costly and not always suitable for all climates but can work well for some with proper installation techniques. It is important to research the type that works best in your area before buying.